Category: Indonesia

How Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining Works

Many people are interested in small-scale artisanal gold mining (ASGM) because it is one of the most environmentally destructive economic activities out there. It is also an occupation pursued by tens of not hundreds of thousands of Indonesians who—rightly or wrongly—perceive it to be one viable way to earn a living. And ASGM also happens […]

Linguistic Rules and Malang Backwards Language

Just about two years, I wrote a short post about boso walikan Malang, or Malang backwards language. This is neat kind of linguistic game found primarily in the East Javanese city of Malang in which words are pronounced backwards, so boso walikan Malang -> osob kiwalan Ngalam. I observed in that post that to the […]